Was Islam Spread by Sword? ebook

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The present study aims at looking at the validity of the
allegation that Islam was spread by sword. For this
purpose we will take a look at all the battles that Prophet
Muhammad fought and try to investigate what led to
those battles, how the Prophet conducted himself in them
and how he treated his opponents, irrespective of his
victory or defeat. If sword was behind the spread of Islam,
as alleged, then the battles fought by the Prophet of Islam
should be the most revealing spots to find it out.


Was Islam Spread by Sword? A Case Study of Prophet Muhammad’s صلى الله عليه وسلم Battles

Book Type ebook
Author Dr. Shah Ebadur Rahman Neshat
Pages 78
ISBN Awaited
Publisher Abul Hasan Ali Nadwi Study Circle, New Delhi


“Muhammad took Makkah without shedding a
drop of blood….. None of the Quraysh was
forced to become Muslims….. Single-handedly,
Muhammad had brought peace to war-torn
(Karen Armstrong, Islam: A Short History, p. 20)


Prophet Muhammad (صلى الله عليه وسلم (got twenty-three years in all after
he was declared a Messenger of God by a divine decree. He
spent thirteen years out of it in Makkah where he faced
stringent opposition to his message from his mighty
opponents, the Quraysh. Thus the only time he got for inviting
people to his religion was the last ten years of his stay at
Madinah, where he had migrated in face of stern opposition in
Makkah. He was not at rest in Madinah in those ten years
either, as the Quraysh kept on invading him and exercised
severe pressure on him, in which they had full support of the
Jews, the Hypocrites of Madinah (the Munafiqin) and their
confederate tribes. But in spite of such opposition, his
message spread all over the Arabian Peninsula merely in ten
years, and in less than a century after his death, an Islamic
Empire came into existence covering three continents: Asia,
Africa and Europe. In length and breadth this Islamic Empire
was larger than the Roman Empire or the Persian Empire that
they ever were, and in its glory it was unprecedented in history.
This swift and surprising spread of Islam far and wide was
owing to the intrinsic appeal of the message of Islam, but the
opponents of Islam connected it to the sword, ignoring the
avowed principle of Islam clearly enunciated in the Qur`an and
Hadith that Islam opposed once for all conversion by force:
“Let there be no compulsion in religion.” (Qur`an 2: 256)

If Islam was spread by force, why is it that Muslims are in
majority in countries like Indonesia and Malaysia where no
Muslim army ever landed? And why are Muslims in minority in
Spain and India where they ruled for centuries? What forced
the Mongols, the descendants of Genghis Khan, to convert to
Islam en masse when virtually they had snatched the sword
from the hands of the Muslim emperors of Baghdad and
trampled them down their feet? And why is Islam the fastest
growing religion in America and Europe today when forcing
somebody there to convert to Islam is out of question?

The charge of the use of force in spreading Islam
does not stand to the test of objectivity. Nevertheless, we
will look into the allegation and employ historical data to
check whether it was the sword, or Islam’s inner strength
and appeal that made the difference for the converts.



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